Error Management

How to handle exception thrown during KafkaStreams execution ?

During the execution of KafkaStreams instance different types of errors may happens.

7.1 The DeadLetterTopicExceptionHandler class

Azkarra provides the DeadLetterTopicExceptionHandler, a DeserializationExceptionHandler allowing to send corrupted records into a dedicated topic.

By default, the DeadLetterTopicExceptionHandler will send corrupted records to an sink topic named based on the source topic - i.e: rejected-<source_topic_name>.

In addition, the DeadLetterTopicExceptionHandler will enrich corrupted records with Kafka headers to help investigate the cause of the exception.

Header Type Description
errors.exception.stacktrace string The exception stacktrace.
errors.exception.message string The exception message.
errors.timestamp string The current epoch time in millisecond when exception ocurred. string The exception class name.
errors.record.topic string The source topic of the corrupted message.
errors.record.partition string The source partition of the corrupted message.
errors.record.offset string The source offset of the corrupted message.

7.1.1 Configuring DeadLetterTopicExceptionHandler

Property Type Description
exception.handler.dead.letter.topic String The name of the dead letter topic to be used to write rejected records.
exception.handler.dead.letter.fatal.errors List List of exception classes on which the handler must fail.

7.1.2 Configuring KafkaProducer

By default, the DeadLetterTopicExceptionHandler uses the KafkaProducer attached to the internal StreamThread. A dedicated KafkaProducer can be created by configuring handler producer using the property prefix exception.handler.dead.letter..

7.1.3 Adding custom headers

You can configure additional header to be added to corrupted message using the prefix exception.handler.dead.letter.headers..

7.2 The SafeDeserializer class

Azkarra provides a SafeDeserializer that can be used to wrap an existing Deserializer and catch any exception thrown during deserialization for returning a record called a sentinel-object that you filter later in the Topology (e.g null, “N/A”, -1, etc).

7.2.1 Creating a SafeDeserializer

SafeDeserializer deserializer = new SafeDeserializer<>(
    new GenericAvroSerde().deserializer(), // the delegating deserializer
    (GenericRecord)null     			   // the sentinel-object to return when an exception is catch

7.2.2 Configuring a SafeDeserializer

The sentinel-object to return can also be configured.

SafeDeserializer<Double> deserializer = new SafeDeserializer<>(
    Serdes.Double().deserializer(), // the delegating deserializer
    Double.class    		        // the value type

Map<String, Object> configs = new HashMap<>();
configs.put(SafeDeserializerConfig.SAFE_DESERIALIZER_DEFAULT_VALUE_CONFIG, 0.0);
deserializer.configure(configs, false);

7.2.3 The SafeSerde class

The SafeSerde is an utility class allowing you to wrap existing Serde or Deserializer.

Behing the scene, SafeSerde uses the SafeDeserializer for wrapping existing Deserializer.

Serde<String> stringSerde = SafeSerdes.Double();  


SafeSerdes.serdeFrom(Serdes.String(), 0.0);